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What is Biceps Tendinopathy?
Biceps tendinopathy is a term used to describe several injuries that can occur in and around the biceps tendon:
- Biceps Tendinitis – Inflammation of the tendon itself
- Biceps Tendinosis – Degeneration of the tendon (non-inflamed)
- Biceps Tenosynovitis – Inflammation of the tendon sheath
- Biceps tendon rupture – This is usually secondary to a preexisting tear or chronic degeneration
What causes a Biceps Tendinopathy?
The exact cause of a biceps tendinopathy depends on the pre-existing factors prior to the injury as well as if it is an acute injury or results from prolonged overuse. It is also rare for a biceps tendon injury to occur on its own. It is common to find biceps tendon involvement with a rotator cuff injury, shoulder instability or labral tears. Certain sports such that involve throwing, swimming or gymnastics are also predisposing factors. As well as jobs that require a lot of overhead work.
Symptoms of a Biceps Tendinopathy
- Pain in the front of the shoulder and sometimes pain into the elbow
- Pain or weakness when lifting arm in front of you
- Pain when raising the arm above your head, especially with activities like throwing
- Possible snapping when moving the arm
How is a Biceps Tendinopathy treated?
Treatment for a biceps tendinopathy depends on the severity of the injury but can include:
- Anti-Inflammatories or painkillers for pain management
- Cross friction and soft tissue massage
- Correction of abnormal shoulder biomechanics